The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) Class 12 board exams are a significant milestone in the academic journey of every Indian student. Success in these exams opens doors to a wide array of higher education and career opportunities. To excel in these examinations, it is crucial to have a clear understanding of the CBSE Class 12 marking scheme.
CBSE Class 12 2024 Marking Scheme:
The CBSE Class 12 marking scheme is designed to evaluate a student’s knowledge, understanding, and application of the subjects they have studied during the academic year. It comprises various components, each contributing to the overall assessment. Here’s a broad overview of the key components:
- Theory Exams: These written examinations are conducted for each subject. The marks allotted for theory exams vary by subject. In these exams, students are required to answer questions based on the curriculum.
- Practical Exams: Certain subjects, like Physics, Chemistry, and Biology, have practical exams where students are assessed on their experimental skills, observation, and recording abilities.
- Internal Assessments: Internal assessments are a part of the marking scheme and are meant to evaluate a student’s performance throughout the academic year. This includes projects, assignments, and class tests conducted by the school.
- Practical Files: Students are required to maintain practical files, where they record their observations, experiments, and other relevant data. These files are also evaluated as a part of the practical assessment.
Weightage of Each Subjects:
The weightage of these components varies from subject to subject. For example, for a science subject like Physics, Chemistry, or Biology, practical exams and internal assessments may carry substantial weightage, while for other subjects, the focus may be more on theory exams. In this regard, it is essential to know the specific weightage of each component for your chosen subjects.
Understanding the Grading System:
CBSE Class 12 exams are graded on a 10-point scale. Each subject’s maximum marks are converted into grades, and students are awarded a grade based on their performance. The cumulative grade point average (CGPA) is calculated based on these grades.
Stream-wise Marking Scheme for CBSE Class 12:
Science Stream (Physics, Biology, Chemistry):
In the Science stream, which includes subjects like Physics, Biology, and Chemistry, the marking scheme is divided into theory exams and practical assessments.
- Theory Marks (70): The theory portion of these subjects carries a total of 70 marks. Students are required to answer questions based on the curriculum, demonstrating their knowledge, understanding, and problem-solving abilities.
- Practical Marks (30): Practical exams play a significant role in these subjects. Students are assessed on their experimental skills, laboratory work, observations, and practical knowledge. The practical exams account for 30 marks in total.
For the Mathematics subject in Class 12, the marking scheme differs slightly:
- Theory Marks (80): Mathematics has a theory component carrying 80 marks. Students must demonstrate their problem-solving skills, mathematical reasoning, and understanding of various mathematical concepts.
- Internal Assessment (20): In addition to the theory component, Mathematics includes an internal assessment. Students are evaluated based on their performance in class tests, assignments, and projects. This internal assessment accounts for 20 marks.
English, another essential subject for Class 12 students, follows a unique marking scheme:
- Theory Marks (80): English theory exams are out of 80 marks. Students are assessed on their reading, writing, comprehension, and language skills.
- Internal Assessment (20): Similar to Mathematics, English includes an internal assessment component. Students are evaluated based on their performance in class tests, assignments, projects, and other language-related activities. This internal assessment carries 20 marks.
Accountancy Class 12 Marking Scheme:
In Class 12 Accountancy, the marking scheme comprises two primary components:
- Theory Marks (80): The theory component of Accountancy carries a total of 80 marks. In theory exams, students are assessed on their knowledge and understanding of accounting principles, concepts, and practices. They are required to answer questions based on the curriculum, which may include solving accounting problems, preparing financial statements, and demonstrating their grasp of accounting topics.
- Project (20): In addition to the theory exams, Accountancy includes a project component. This project carries 20 marks and is an essential part of the assessment. Students are required to work on an accounting project, which typically involves analyzing financial data, preparing financial statements, and making recommendations based on their findings. The project allows students to apply their accounting knowledge to real-world situations and showcases their ability to research, analyze, and present financial information effectively.
Business Studies Class 12 Marking Scheme
In Class 12 Business Studies, the marking scheme consists of two main components:
- Theory Marks (80): The theory component of Business Studies carries 80 marks. In theory exams, students are assessed on their knowledge and understanding of business concepts, management principles, and case studies. They are required to answer questions based on the curriculum, which may include analyzing business scenarios, solving case studies, and demonstrating their understanding of various business topics.
- Project (20): Business Studies also includes a project component. This project carries 20 marks and is an integral part of the assessment. Students are required to work on a business-related project, which may involve analyzing real business situations, making recommendations, and preparing a comprehensive report. The project allows students to apply their theoretical knowledge to practical business scenarios and demonstrates their ability to research and present information effectively.
Economics Class 12 Marking Scheme
In Class 12 Economics, the marking scheme comprises two main components:
- Theory Marks (80): The theory component of Economics carries 80 marks. In theory exams, students are assessed on their understanding of economic principles, concepts, and analysis. They are required to answer questions based on the curriculum, which may include economic theories, data interpretation, and problem-solving related to economics.
- Practical (20): Economics includes a practical component as well. This practical assessment carries 20 marks. Students may be required to work on data analysis, interpret economic data, and demonstrate their ability to apply economic concepts to real-world economic situations. The practical component in Economics focuses on data analysis and empirical aspects of the subject.
Class 12 Others Subjects Marking Scheme:
|Subjects||Theory Exam||Practical Exam|
CBSE Class 12 Grading Scheme:
|32 and below||Essential Repeat|
Official Links of CBSE Class 12 Marking Scheme:
|Subject||Sample Question Paper||Marking Scheme|
|Hindustani Music (Melodic)||SQP||MS|
|Hindustani Music (Percussion)||SQP||MS|
|Hindustani Music (Vocal)||SQP||MS|
|Applied Arts (Commercial Art)||SQP||MS|
Why Understanding the Marking Scheme is Crucial
A clear understanding of the marking scheme is crucial for students as it guides their exam preparation. Knowing the weightage of each component can help them allocate their study time effectively. For instance, if practical exams hold a significant weightage in a subject, students must ensure they perform well in both the theory and practical aspects.
Additionally, a thorough understanding of the marking scheme also aids students in preparing for the internal assessments, projects, and practical work. This holistic approach to exam preparation can significantly impact their final results.
In conclusion, the CBSE Class 12 marking scheme is the roadmap to success in these crucial board exams. By comprehending its structure and weightage, students can plan their studies, strategize their preparation, and aim for their best performance in the exams.
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- About CBSE Class 12 2024 Board Exam
- CBSE Class 12 Syllabus
- CBSE Class 12 Important Dates 2024
- CBSE Class 12 Exam Pattern 2024
- CBSE Class 12 2024 FAQs